Educational Review has recently published findings that highlight problems facing many teachers within the UK today. The in-depth research with 39 teachers from England and Wales found widespread mental health issues were being experienced amongst the cohort. Demanding workloads, considerable paperwork, reaching academic targets and rapid policy changes were discussed. Many felt that these issues were getting in the way of their primary focus – the children they teach – by making them devote more time to mentally exhausting issues. Gerry Leavey, who led the study, explains that “[teachers] express a tension between the old view of what it means to be a teacher…and the new managerialist view – accountability, performativity and meeting standards in a new, corporate world.” He goes on to say that high numbers of educators are leaving the profession due to these issues, as the stress encroaches on their personal lives.
‘Preparing for change: How tech parents view education and the future of work’ is a new report by techUK. The study surveyed over a hundred parents working in tech companies and found that the majority are optimistic about technological job opportunities of the future. Despite public negativity surrounding automation and new technologies, 64% of tech parents were optimistic or very optimistic about the future job opportunities that would be available to their children. Having said this, 73% believe that the curriculum did not place sufficient emphasis on the types of skills that would become more vital in the future world of work. They also think that evolution of new technology will require frequent retraining. 90% believe their children would need to retrain throughout their lives to keep up with the pace of technological change.
The impact of parental break-ups has been studied by researchers from University College London. Data from over 6,000 children, gathered as part of the longitudinal Millennium Cohort Study, has been analysed to assess children’s mental health at age 3, 5, 7, 11, and 14. A fifth of the sample experienced parental splits during this time. The findings suggest that family breaks-ups in late childhood and early adolescence are most likely to lead to behavioural and emotional problems in children. Children who experienced a parental break-up between age 3 and 7 were no more likely to suffer mental health problems than those whose parents stayed together. However, a parental split between the ages of 7 and 14 was found to increase children’s emotional problems by 16% on average, with findings consistent for both privileged and disadvantaged groups. Behavioural problems were also much more prevalent among boys in these circumstances.
Research from the University of Copenhagen has determined that when it comes to virtual reality (VR), adolescent male and female students learn differently. With a study focusing on 66 seventh and eighth grade students from Denmark, it was discovered that if children identified with the avatar seen on screen, their knowledge would improve. Boys were able to concentrate more on a drone figure, due to features that resembled a computer game with characteristics similar to a superhero or secret agent. With girls, however, using virtual reality in the form of a young researcher named Marie helped them absorb information better. This is also thought to be a potential step forward in keeping young females interested in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM) subjects at school, as their attentiveness often decreases in their early teens.
University tuition fees are said to be making progress possible for UK Universities to increase diversity. The annual £9,000 fee, introduced by the coalition government in 2012, came with the provision to secure gains in access and participation. As a result, higher tuition fees have leveraged £800m into schemes and bursaries for less advantaged students. Entry rates have increased in 95% of parliamentary constituencies since 2006. English pupils receiving free school meals were 83% more likely to go to university in 2017 than in 2006. However, there are variations by region, with 41.8% of 18-year-olds from London going to university in 2017, compared to 28.9% from the south-west and 30.3% from the north-east. Furthermore, the number of undergraduates from black and minority ethnic groups is also said to have risen by 38% between 2007-08 and 2015-16.
Studies are being conducted across the United States to investigate how to use Smartphones as early detectors of mental illness in teens. One of the goals for these studies is to detect the signs of mental illness at a much earlier stage, particularly among young people. The thinking behind it is that as users scroll through social media or watch YouTube videos, they leave digital footprints that might offer clues to their psychological well-being. These signs can be picked up through typing speeds, vocabulary, tone of voice and how these change over time. According to Dr. Thomas Insel, there might be over 1,000 ‘biomarkers’ for illnesses such as depression. Work is still being conducted to discern which parts of the data collected can act as significant predictors of mental health problems. Read more here.
Data from an Australian national household survey has been used to analyse adults’ mental health after having children. The survey followed 20,000 Australians for up to 16 years. The results show that having a first child increases adults’ time pressure as they are introduced to the role of parenting. However, having more children further increases the demands on parents. Having a second child doubles the time pressure on parents. The effects of which were found to be larger for mothers, therefore widening the gap between mothers and fathers. The study suggests mothers’ mental health improves with their first child, immediately after the birth, and this remains stable for the next few years. However, mothers’ mental health sees a sharp decline, and remains low, after having a second child. Fathers’ also experience a decline, but this plateaus over time.
A review by The UBC found good-to-strong endorsement of certain sleep hygiene practices for younger kids and school-age kids. These practices include regular bedtimes, reading before bed, having a quiet bedroom, and self-soothing. The focus was on four age groups in particular: infants and toddlers, pre-schoolers, school-age children and adolescents, involving close to 300,000 kids in North America, Europe and Asia. “Research tells us that kids who don’t get enough sleep on a consistent basis are more likely to have problems at school and develop more slowly than their peers who are getting enough sleep.” Says University of British Columbia sleep expert and nursing professor Wendy Hall.
A corpus study has been carried out of children’s emoji usage by Internet Linguist, Gretchen McCulloch. Parents with young children were asked to submit examples of children’s electronic communication for the analysis. Many preliterate children send emoji-only text messages with ages 3 to 5 said to be the peak time for this. Examples of the children’s messages showed strings of emojis with some of them showing preferences for certain themes such as animals or hearts. Children appear to work through the emoji keyboard systematically with several putting the blue heart before the green heart, which is how they are ordered on many emoji keyboard apps. Children were found to use object emojis far more than adults or teens, and they prefer to use faces with the tongue stuck out or blowing a kiss. The seemingly random use of emojis at an early age is likened to babbling in spoken or signed languages. Read more here
Children attending school in deprived areas of Britain are being taught mindfulness in order to ease tension and anxiety – and it’s working. The technique has been adapted in areas such as Litherland, Merseyside, where students are continuously exposed to violence and gang activity. Methods of relaxation such as controlled breathing have been helpful to children who internalise feelings, and who may slip beneath a teacher’s radar when in need of support. “If I concentrate on my breathing, the worrying thoughts just go ‘pop’ and disappear” One nine-year-old-boy confided. He also said it helped him to forget about “all the scary stuff”. The popularity of such programmes has created a 40% increase in the amount of teachers taking the training in 2018, with 2,000 educators signing up for guidance with the Mindfulness in Schools Project. Much of the interest has come from schools with higher than average proportions of vulnerable children.